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NEW! Learn more about the new ChargeUP! Sarasota County program, with rebates up to $4,000 for installing public EV charging stations.

 

 EV Charging

 
car charging at station

When considering an EV, some people have what is called "range anxiety," or fear of running out of charge before reaching their destination. Those with Plug In Hybrid Electric Vehicles don't need to worry about range at all, as they have the gasoline engine as a back-up. Range anxiety is decreasing for all EV drivers as battery capacities increase and more publicly available charging stations are installed. Understanding options for charging will help ease those fears further.

Electricity Costs for Charging

Fueling with electricity is much less expensive than fueling with gasoline, but it is not free. Fueling costs for an EV will include a slight increase in your home electric bill, plus any fees you may be charged at publicly available charging stations. Many public stations, including those owned by Sarasota County remain free as an incentive to support electric transportation, but some do charge a fee, usually per hour of active charging. The U.S. Department of Energy's vehicle cost calculator allows you to compare purchase and fuel costs of conventional and electric vehicles.

 

 Charging Equipment

 

EV charging equipment can range from the basics of a 120-volt outlet cord provided with the car to a fully networked, rapid-charge system. In some instances, additional circuits might be required to supply the new charging station load. Locating the charging station close to an existing electrical supply might help minimize installation costs.

There are opportunities for combining building energy efficiency and plug-in vehicles. See Sarasota County Energy Upgrade for more information on improving home efficiency to save water, energy and money. Watch the Florida Solar Energy Center's “Drive for Free” video for information on how home energy efficiency can power a plug-in vehicle.

 

 How Long Does Charging Take?

 

Using an ordinary 120-volt socket, it might take 10-20 hours to charge an EV with an empty battery. A Level 2, 240-volt charge cuts that by more than half. And a Level 3, DC fast-charger can recharge a car to 80 percent of capacity in less than 30 minutes. Some vehicle manufacturers and EV supporters are working to install these fast chargers along transportation corridors around the country, making long distance electric travel a reality.

AC Charging
Home and Public Use

DC Charging
Large Fleet and Public Use
Type Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Power 120-volt 240-volt 200- to 500-volt
Charging Rate 2-5 miles per
hour charging
10-20 miles per
hour charging
50-70 miles per
20 minutes charging
house outlet level 2 charging station level 3 charging station
SOURCES: Sarasota County UF/IFAS Extension and Sustainability, FPL.com
 

 Where are the Charging Stations?

 
While about 80 percent of charging occurs at home, there are more and more charging stations on public and private properties in our region. That allows EV drivers to expand the range of their driving and top off their charge while running errands or while traveling.

Charging stations owned by Sarasota County currently are free to use and are on the map shown here. To find all charging stations in this community or across the nation, use the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center station locator or crowd-sourced applications such as PlugShare.com.
 

 Links of Interest

 
Reference within this site to any specific automobile or website is for example and education only, and does not constitute any endorsement from Sarasota County.

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